Ephemerides of April 6 in Argentina and in the world

World Physical Activity Day. Every April 6 every year, World Physical Activity Day is commemorated around the world. This celebration stems from an initiative of the World Health Organization (WHO) which, in 2002, and through a resolution, asked its Member States to set a special date for the promotion of exercise, also known as the name of Move for health (Move for health, in English), with the aim of achieving a better state of physical and mental health, as well as a better quality of life.

In 1199, Richard the Lionheart died. Richard I of England, known as Richard the Lionheart, was King of England between 1189 and 1199, he was the third son of King Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. In his time, the troubadour Bertran de Born nicknamed him “Oh no”.

In 1520 Raffaello Sanzio “Raphael” died. He was an Italian Renaissance painter and architect. In addition to his pictorial work, which will be admired and imitated for centuries, he will make important contributions to architecture and, as an inspector of antiquities, will be interested in the study and conservation of Greco-Roman remains. . Most of his work is preserved in the Vatican Museums, as he frescoed the rooms known as Raphael’s Rooms, the main commission of his career, left unfinished by his death and completed by assistants. Although it is stated that he died on his birthday, Vasari’s biography says he was born on Good Friday, and that in 1483, March 28. This means that while Raphael was indeed born and died on Good Friday, he did not actually die on his birthday, since Good Friday 1520 was April 6.

In 1671, Jean-Baptiste Rousseau was born. He was a French poet and playwright. He was considered by his contemporaries as the prince of lyrical poets.

In 1896, it was the opening of the first modern Olympic Games in Greece. The 1896 Athens Olympics, officially known as the Games of the I Olympiad, were held in Athens, Greece between April 6 and 15, 1896. 241 male athletes participated – there were no female participation – from 14 countries, who competed in 43 competitions in 9 sports. These were the first modern Olympic Games. Despite many obstacles and setbacks, the 1896 Olympics are recognized as a great success. They had the largest international attendance at a sporting event to that date. The Panathenaic Stadium, which was the first major stadium in the modern world, was overwhelmed by the largest crowd ever gathered to watch a sporting event. The highlight for the Greeks was the victory of their compatriot Spiridon Louis in the marathon. The most successful competitor was German wrestler and gymnast Carl Schuhmann, who won four gold medals. Since then, every four years, athletes from all countries meet to compete. Only the great wars of the 20th century prevented the holding of the Olympic Games, but after these the tradition continued. Athens again hosted the Olympic Games in 2004.

In 1906, the first cartoon was recorded. The first cartoon or animation was Humorous phases of grimacesby James Stuart Blackton. It was introduced in 1906.

In 1909, Robert Peary and Matthew Henson were the first to reach the North Pole. Matthew Henson was an American explorer who was the first to reach the North Pole with Robert Peary in 1909. However, some believe that Peary’s party got lost at the pole and came within 30 km of their goal .

In 1943 “The Little Prince” was published. It is a short novel and the most famous work of the French writer and aviator Antoine de Saint-Exupéry. It was published in April 1943, in English and French. The little Prince It has become the most widely read and translated book written in French. has translations in over two hundred and fifty languages ​​and dialects, including the reading system braille. The novel was translated into Spanish by Bonifacio del Carril and its first publication in that language was made by an Argentinian publisher in 1951. Saint Exupéry arrived in Buenos Aires on October 12, 1929, representing Aéropostale in the Argentinian branch as as director and responsible for the organization of the company for all of Latin America. Among the objectives were to start the branch in Comodoro Rivadavia and to study the extension of this line to Río Gallegos. This experience inspired his novel Night Flight, published in December 1931.

In 1963 Rafael Correa was born. He was the 45th President of Ecuador. He is an Ecuadorian politician, professor and economist. He ruled for ten years, four months and nine days, from January 15, 2007 to May 24, 2017, being the Ecuadorian president who remained in power the longest without interruption. The government of Rafael Correa was called the Citizen Revolution, due to the vast political, economic, social, educational reforms, etc. that she put in place from the start of management, in 2007.

In 1971, Igor Fedorovich Stravinsky died. He was a Russian composer and conductor and one of the most important and transcendental musicians of the 20th century. His long life allowed him to discover a wide variety of musical currents.

In 1987 John Paul II came to Argentina for the second time. Coming from Chile, the Pope stayed in the country from April 6 to 12, 1987, during his second apostolic visit. He had been invited by the episcopates of the two countries, in gratitude for the Vatican’s mediation in the Beagle Canal conflict and the signing of the peace agreement. During the six days he spent in Argentina, he was present in the cities of nine provinces, sent 26 messages and brought together nearly four million people. The first trip took place between June 11 and 12, 1982, during the Falklands War, with the aim of encouraging peace.

Isaac Asimov died in 1992. He was a writer and professor of biochemistry at the Boston University School of Medicine of Russian origin, naturalized American, known to be a prolific author of works of science fiction, history and popular science.

In 1992, civil war broke out in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was an international conflict that took place in what is now Bosnia and Herzegovina from April 6, 1992 to December 14, 1995. It was caused by a complex combination of political and religious factors: nationalist effervescence, political, social and security crises. that followed the end of the cold war and the fall of communism in the former Yugoslavia. The war lasted a little over three years and caused nearly 100,000 civilian and military casualties and 1.8 million displaced persons.

In 1994, the presidents of Burundi and Rwanda died in an attack. The presidential plane carrying Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana and Burundian President Cyprien Ntaryamira was shot down with surface-to-air missiles as it prepared to land in Kigali, Rwanda. This assassination marked the start of two of the bloodiest conflicts of the late 20th century: the Rwandan genocide and the First Congo War.

In 2003, Oscar Landi passed away. Argentine political scientist and researcher in politics, culture and communication, one of the most respected of his generation, he studied philosophy at the University of Buenos Aires and was a member of the Argentine Communist Party. Then he approaches Peronism.

In 2010, Ricardo Lavié passed away. Argentinian actor of radio, cinema, theater and television by his real name Ricardo Eloy Machado, he became a renowned visual artist, author of non-figurative paintings in oil and acrylic.

In 2011, Patricia Miccio passed away. She was an Argentinian presenter and model. After her success as a model, she stood out as a host of Utilísima on Telefe, Canal 9 and El Trece.

In 2014, Mickey Rooney passed away. The stage name of Joe Yule Jr., he was a renowned American film, television and theater actor and performer, winner of the Academy Award for Youth in 1938 and an Honorary Oscar in 1982.

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