MEXICO.- What do we celebrate on February 24 in Mexico? the flag day was established on February 24, 1934, however, was officially recognized as a national commemoration until 1940 by decree of President Lázaro Cárdenas del Río, as the official website of the National Institute of Federalism and Municipal Development (INAFED) indicates.
In 1940, then-President Lázaro Cárdenas established February 24 as Flag Day to commemorate, with pride and honor, the national symbol that gives us a sense of identity, unity, nationality and solidarity. ‘membership.#Flag Day pic.twitter.com/O1MeZtdRsF
– Government (@SEGOB_mx) February 24, 2021
Is Flag Day a public holiday?
One of the most recurring questions with the proximity of the date is whether or not it represents a handicap. Flag Day is not a public holiday, Therefore, students and employees should continue with their usual duties.
Mexican Flag Day: Origin and Meaning
The The Mexican flag is a national symbol which represents the spirit of unity, courage and patriotism, in addition to being a unifying element, an authentic expression of our origins and the desire to strengthen the feeling of national identity as an independent and sovereign country, as shared by the INAFED.
??? #CirculaEnRedes | This February 24 marks Flag Day, a symbol of the United Mexican States that was created on February 24, 1934, but officially recognized until 1940 by decree of President Lázaro Cárdenas.https://t.co/c1Bhl9tkcJ pic.twitter.com/dsUg07Mi57
— MegaNews (@MegaNews_MX) February 24, 2021
The Iguala plan and its relation to the flag
The flag is part of the national symbols, along with the coat of arms and the national anthem. The three colors recall the proclamation of the independence movement made by Augustin de Iturbide February 24, 1821.
On this date, the signed Map of Iguala, in which rights were offered and the demands of the different political groups of the time were guaranteed. In the statement of Map of Iguala, Iturbide carried the trigarante flag in the colors green, white and red, which symbolized the IThe independence of Mexico from Spain, the Catholic religion and the equality and union of Mexicans with the Spaniards and castes, respectively.
What changes has the flag of Mexico undergone?
After the First Empire, the Constituent Congress officially established the National flag retaining the three colorss, but with some modifications: the imperial crown was removed from the eagle, and the republican symbols of the laurel and oak branches were added.
With the coming to power of Benito Juárez, the meaning of the colors of the Enseña Nacional changed as a consequence of the separation between State and Church; green became hope, white unity and red the blood of national heroes.
“His Shield is inspired by the legend of the founding of Mexico-Tenochtitlán, when the Mexicas, guided by the god Huitzilopochtli, they found their home where they found an eagle perched on a nopal devouring a snake,” according to Alfredo Ávila Rueda, a researcher at the Institute for Historical Research at the National Autonomous University of Mexico.
As for the colors, the historian specifies that “It is believed that by imitation of other flags, the white remained in the middle and in the vertical lines, but it was not until the 20th century that there was a regulation national symbols.
Before they had small differences: the size, the religious motifs of the old insurgent flags, as well as the order and the design of the colors have changed; before the stripes were diagonal and not vertical”. It was in 1968 when the president Gustavo Diaz Ordaz ordered not to make any further changes to the flag, this is the first law on the characteristics and use of national symbols published in the Official Gazette of the Federation on August 17 of the same year.
The law was in effect until 1984 when the National Shield, Flag and Anthem Act came into effect. Among other things, the law establishes in article 3 that “The national flag consists of a rectangle divided into three vertical stripes of identical measures, with the colors in the following order from the pole: green, white and red.
In the white band and in the center it has the national shield, with a diameter of three quarters of the width of said band.
The ratio of the width to the length of the flag is four to seven. You can wear a bow tie or a tie of the same colors, at the foot of the moharra.
A model of the National Flag, authenticated by the three powers of the Union, will remain deposited in the General Archives of the Nation and another in the National History Museum”
February 24 Compulsory honors are returned
For its part, article 11 stipulates that “In the buildings of the Authorities which because of their characteristics allow it, the honors must be returned to the National Flag in a compulsory manner on February 24, September 15 and 16 and November 20 of each year” .
Five curious facts about the Mexican flag this February 24
- 1. The flag of Mexico was chosen as the most beautiful flag in the world in July 2008 in a competition organized by the Spanish media 20 Minutes, with 901 thousand 627 points.
- 2. In 2011, Mexico broke the record Guinness by the Flagstaff the highest flag in America for which it is located in Piedras Negras, Coahuila and has a height of 120 meters and the largest flag in the world with 60 meters long and 34 wide, supporting a weight of 300 kilograms.
The flag of Mexico was before that of Italy
- 3. Although some people think that the Mexican flag is a reproduction of the Italian flag, the Mexican flag was designed before the Italian flag, in addition to the fact that they differ in symbols, colors and dimensions.
- 4. The first national flag was made by the tailor José Magdaleno Ocampo at the beginning of 1821 at the request of Agustín de Iturbide; the current national coat of arms was designed by Pedro Moctezuma and Francisco Eppens Helguera.
The flag has fallen
- 5. On September 16, 2014, the national flag fell as it was raised during the departure ceremony of the commemorative parade for the 204th anniversary of Mexico’s independence. Oath to the national flag Flag of Mexico! Heritage of our heroes, Symbol of the unity of our parents and our brothers, we promise to be always faithful to the principles of freedom and justice which make our Homeland, the independent, humane and generous nation, to which we give our existence.
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