Every January 7, the day of the tricolor is commemorated in Italy, today present worldwide in the collective imagination.. The colors are closely linked to the ideals of innovation, progress and social revolution of 18th century France. Thus, even before its official preparation, Italian citizens began to wear green, white and red cockades. The first records date back to 1789, seven years before the decree of the Parliament of the Cispadana Republic.
Called “National Flag Day” or “Tricolor Day”, it is a national holiday in Italy since December 31, 1996. The official festivities take place in Reggio Emilia, the city where the adoption of the tricolor was first approved. This acceptance was achieved by a sovereign Italian state, the Cispadana Republic. That is to say, a Napoleonic state dependent on the First French Republic.
The approval was given within the framework of the bicentenary of the birth of the flag, since the first celebration took place on January 7, 1997.. In its ceremonial aspect, at the Palazzo del Quirinale in Rome, the changing of the guard of honor takes place in a solemn manner with the parade of the regiment in full dress. This rite is practiced only on two other occasions: the day of the Italian Republic and the day of national unity and the armed forces.
In addition, in all public offices, the flag must be flown on this day. As for Reggio Emilia, in Piazza Prampolini, the feast is celebrated with the visit of the highest officials of the Republic, that is to say the president or the one who presides over certain chambers.. During this celebration, they also present various cultural initiatives of schools in the region.
Historical Reasons for Italian Flag Day
The Italian flag, like other national flags, is based on French. Since then, the said country began an important independence movement for its time. After the events in France, these ideals began to spread. Mainly with the defense of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen in 1789. In this context, the blue, white and red French flag has become the first reference to make its own.
Together, the first demonstrations in favor of the ideals of the French Revolution, by the Italians, took place in 1789 in the Papal States. In these public movements, participants wore simple rosettes, made from the leaves of trees. To which red and white were added later.
Since then, the tricolor has appeared in various cities. Therefore, it represented a symbol of Italy’s struggle for independence from foreign nations. Finally, the official adoption of the tricolor by a state body, the Cispadana Republic, took place on January 7, 1797. With the support of Italian civilians, who began to use it in areas not at war..
Meaning of the tricolor flag
The choice of colours: green, white and red, was proposed by Giovanni Compagnoni. He himself used the tricolor imitating the worldview of the French Revolution, but replacing blue with green. In this way, the flag became an official icon of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy and the patriotic symbol of the country to this day..
Military jurisdictions also had banners with this design. White and red featured on the old coat of arms of Milan, while green was the uniform of the Guardia Civil. Gradually the colors were used by the soldiers of the lands of Emilia and Romagna in the banners of the Italian Legion..
For its part, each color has a particular meaning. Green represents the Italian plains and the hope of a united and free Italy; white symbolizes mountain snow; and red commemorates the blood of the dead. Thus, this flag appeared as a symbol of the long-awaited national unity of the Italian people when it became independent from the Spanish and Austrian occupation. AND, still in our time, the tricolor bandiera embraces Italians from all parts of the world.