The important role of Turkey

Since the first attacks that Russia undertook against Ukraine, there have been several positions taken by the great powers, one of the most reckless has been the blocking of accounts, transactions and imports to the aggressor country. This, while exclusive to each state or conglomerate, affects the rest of the nations that depend directly or indirectly on supplies.

Turkey, on the contrary, did not adopt a hostile attitude towards either of the two countries and assumed an aggressive role of mediator in order to obtain a cessation of the attacks and, diplomatically, to achieve through mediation to a peace agreement that benefits all.

The conflict began on February 24 and on March 10 the two parties involved in a first series of meetings were already meeting in Antalya, a Mediterranean province of the vast Turkish territory, which, although nothing had been finalized, was the beginning of a series of meetings. of the highest level that paved the way for the cessation of hostilities.

A year ago, when the first forum was held in Antalya, the second was planned with the aim of making it the DAVOS of politics and it coincided precisely with the war that is affecting the world. This scene, attended by a total of three thousand people, including 17 heads of state, 80 ministers and representatives of various international organizations, served as a platform for debate between the large blocs in conflict and personalities such as Josep Borrel , the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy of the European Union, Jens Stoltenberg, Secretary General of NATO, António Guterres, Secretary General of the United Nations (UN) and Helga Schmid, Secretary General of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) -the latter two virtually-, and many others have been exceptional witnesses of how Turkey has remained in its place, tirelessly seeking a solution in the short term. term.

The architect of the Antalya Diplomatic Forum (ADF) is Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavusoglu, who has been meeting with both counterparts throughout March and continues to do so nowadays. He has traveled to discordant countries, as has President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who held a major meeting at Istanbul’s Dolmabahce Palace on March 28. Turkey is the country that controls the Dardanelles and Bosphorus straits, through which the Black Sea is connected to the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. These straits are regulated by the Montreux Convention, which was signed in 1936, by which the United Kingdom transferred sovereignty over them to Turkey and the transit of warships of other states through them.

Currently, Turkey has correctly invoked the Montreux Convention and resolutely exercised the regulation of the passage of warships through it. Foreign Minister Çavusoglu said it did not involve airspace control.

Although the meetings are continuing and the diplomatic representatives of the two countries in conflict have promised to reach a meeting between the presidents of Russia and Ukraine, they continue to express their openness to negotiations, as well as to the search for a ceasefire. It is necessary that these leaders have the power to make decisions in favor of world peace.

The Turkish Foreign Minister became a great facilitator and his great project, the Antalya Forum, at the epicenter where all points of view were debated. The term “active neutrality” was coined as a method of achieving peace depending on the course of war.

Political, economic and defense industry cooperation were highlighted during the Antalya Forum, which was designed under the concept of Turkey’s enterprising and humanitarian foreign policy, which is aimed at the one of the largest numbers of refugees, especially Syrians, exceeding 5 million.

Numerous panels and sessions were organized to discuss regional developments with high crisis potential, such as the Balkans, the Caucasus and the Middle East. The Antalya Diplomatic Forum became the place where solutions to wars and crises were sought.

During the opening ceremony, President Erdogan insisted that the charter that governs the UN must be revised, using a made-up phrase: the world is bigger than five, in reference to the five countries that are permanent members of the UN Security Council. : the United States, Russia, China, France and Great Britain.

Foreign Minister Çavusoglu will visit Panama at the end of April. This is an opportunity for you to learn, first hand, how a small country like Panama was able to negotiate, without firing a shot, with the greatest power in the world, the return of the Panama Canal.

Architect, Ambassador of Panama to Turkey.

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