Travel to Europe, the United States and Brazil: what vaccines are required for Argentines to enter each country?

The European Union has recommended that its member countries ease restrictions on entering their borders from March 1. EFE/CATI CLADERA/Archives

Yesterday the European Union (EU) issued a statement in which it updated the recommendation on non-essential travel from third countries. “The planned changes meet the the evolution of the pandemic, the increase in vaccination and the administration of booster doses, and the recognition of an increasing number of certificates issued by third countries as equivalent to the EU Covid digital certificate. The new recommendation will be applicable from March 1, 2022“, indicates the official document.

Specific, EU Council recommends its member countries to lift restrictions on non-essential travel from March 1 to any adult person who can meet at least one of the following two conditions, namely:

a. People who have received the full vaccination schedule with one of the inoculants recognized and authorized by the EU or the World Health Organization (WHO), provided that the last dose of the vaccination schedule was administered at least 14 days and not more than 270 days before their arrival or that they received a booster dose. The vaccines recognized by these institutions are: Pfizer-BionTech, Moderna, AstraZeneca, Johnson & Johnson, Novavax, Sinopharm, Sinovac and Covaxin.

of them. People who have recovered from Covid-19 within 180 days of travel towards Europe.

European and WHO authorities still do not recognize the effectiveness of Sputnik-V.  REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Illustration
European and WHO authorities still do not recognize the effectiveness of Sputnik-V. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Illustration

As can be seen in the list of approved vaccines, still not showing up Sputnik-V or fatigue, two of the vaccines administered in Argentina. According to the new EU recommendation, Those who received these inoculants would not be able to enter the territory safely, unless they had passed through the disease and were cured.

As for minors, the recommendation suggests that the same criteria as for adults be applied to children and adolescents between 6 and 18 years old, while recommending not to require tests of any kind for children under 6 years old.

However, It is important to note that this is an EU Council recommendation, i.e. each member country can choose to follow the suggestions, adapt them or go another way. Next, an overview of the situation in the main member countries of the European Union.

Spain

In the case of Spain, the new recommendation does not have much impact because the country was already allowing people to enter under the conditions previously described. The authorized vaccines and the conditions of those recovered were the same, but In addition, they allow the entry of Argentineans who have received their vaccination schedule with Sputnik-V or Cansino, but who have also received a third booster dose of one of the inoculants authorized by the WHO and the European Agency for medications. (EMA).

Spain was already taking steps similar to those suggested by the EU recommendation.  REUTERS/Paul Hanna - D1AESRNZNUAA
Spain was already taking steps similar to those suggested by the EU recommendation. REUTERS/Paul Hanna – D1AESRNZNUAA

France

The case of France is different, the country recognizes AstraZeneca, Moderna, Pfizer and Johnson & Johnson vaccines. A traveler who has the full schedule of one of them, or the combination between them, will be allowed to enter the country. Argentines who received two doses of Sinopharm must, yes or no, have applied a booster from Moderna or Pfizer -only- to be recognized, due to the nature of these inoculants to be manufactured based on messenger RNA technology.

Regarding Sputnik-V and Cansinothere is bad news for Argentines. The country still does not recognize these vaccines. The only possible scenario for a traveler vaccinated with one of these vaccines to enter France is if they received a dose from Johnson & Johnson, which will be valid due to its single-dose nature.

An adult couple walks through the Louvre Museum in Paris.  REUTERS/Gonzalo Fuentes
An adult couple walks through the Louvre Museum in Paris. REUTERS/Gonzalo Fuentes

Italy

In this case, a different path appears, although it has not yet officially entered into force. Yesterday, the Italian Minister of Health, Robert HopeHe said via his official Twitter account that from March 1the country will allow entry for all foreigners as long as they meet one of the following conditions:

a. Able accredit a vaccination certificate approved by the EMA and the WHOi.e. vaccinators Pfizer, Moderna, AstraZeneca, Johnson & Johnson and Novavax.

of them. Able accredit a certificate of cure of diseasewhich determines that the traveler has recovered within the 180 days prior to travel.

3. Certificate of negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of travel. this option It could be used by Argentines who have been vaccinated with Sputnik-V or Cansino.

However, this was only announced by Speranza via her Twitter, so Until this takes effect, Argentines who cannot prove an authorized vaccination program must self-quarantine for 5 days in Italy to be admitted.

FILE PHOTO: A passenger wearing a protective mask walks through Fiumicino Airport in Rome, Italy.  REUTERS/Guglielmo Mangiapane
FILE PHOTO: A passenger wearing a protective mask walks through Fiumicino Airport in Rome, Italy. REUTERS/Guglielmo Mangiapane

Germany

For its part, and as confirmed Infobae with its embassy in Argentina, Germany has not changed its conditions. For the moment the situation remains the same. yes or yes, you must have a Covid vaccination certificate which shows that the traveler is vaccinated with one of the inoculants authorized by the Paul Ehrlich Instituteto know: Johnson & Johnson, AstraZeneca, Pfizer and Moderna.

For the time being, German health authorities have not commented on the validity and effectiveness of the Sputnik-V, Sinopharm and Cansino vaccines, so Argentines who have received these vaccines could enter Germany, but must complete a 10-day quarantine, which can be shortened to 5, if a negative PCR test is carried out that day. Alternatively, those who have recently recovered from coronavirus may show a positive PCR test, which was issued at least 28 days before dispatch and no more than 90 days.

However, in recent hours, Olivier Ewald, the spokesperson for the German Ministry of Health, pointed out that the government is considering a new decree, which includes an adaptation to the new situation of the classification of areas considered at risk and quarantine rules. This document would ease restrictions and allow unvaccinated travelers with approved inoculants to enter the country without having to self-isolate for 10 days, provided they prove they are not infected with a PCR test. This change would come into effect on March 4, although it is not yet certain, and it is not clear what scope it will have.

The German authorities still do not recognize the Sputnik-V, Sinopharm and Cansino vaccines, three of the inoculants applied in Argentina.  REUTERS/Lukas Barth/File Photo
The German authorities still do not recognize the Sputnik-V, Sinopharm and Cansino vaccines, three of the inoculants applied in Argentina. REUTERS/Lukas Barth/File Photo

Other countries

United States

To enter the United States, it is necessary to be vaccinated with one of the vaccines recognized by the WHO or the United States Food and Drug Administration. (FDA, for its acronym in English), namely: Pfizer, Moderna, AstraZeneca, Johnson & Johnson, Sinopharm, Sinovac, Bharat. The country does not support other vaccines, such as Sputnik-V or fatigueand Argentines who have received them will not be able to enter the country.

On the other hand, it is also required the presentation of a negative PCR result or antigen detection test carried out one day before boardingthat is, if you are traveling on a Wednesday, regardless of time, the test must be taken the previous Tuesday. Another option is to prove that the coronavirus disease was transmittedand the traveler has recovered within 90 days of travel.

Brazil

Brazil, one of the favorite regional destinations of Argentines, allows entry of travelers as long as they can prove they have the full vaccination schedule of any recognized vaccine in the country that issued the vaccination certificate, by the National Health Surveillance Agency or by the World Health Organization. It is all people vaccinated in Argentina will meet this requirement.

Additionally, you must submit a negative PCR test result taken within 72 hours of travelor a test of Antigen screening performed within 24 hours prior to shipment. In addition, a traveler’s health certificate must be completed.

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