(CNN) — Here is an overview of the history of the RMS Titanic.
April 10, 1912: The Titanic embarks on its maiden voyage from Southampton, England to New York.
April 14-15, 1912: the luxury liner collided with an iceberg in the North Atlantic around midnight and sank in less than three hours.
1,517 people died and 706 of 2,223 passengers and crew survived, according to the US Senate report on the disaster.
The estimated cost of its construction is approximately 7.5 million US dollars.
At that time, the RMS Titanic was considered the largest passenger ship.
The ship was 269 meters long and weighed 46,328 tons. Her top speed was 23 knots.
The wreck is located approximately 563 kilometers off the southeast coast of Newfoundland.
The iceberg pierced five of the 16 compartments that were supposed to be watertight and designed to retain water in the event of a breach in the hull.
Investigations at the time blamed Captain Edward Smith for going too fast in dangerous waters, as well as too hasty initial inspections of the ship, insufficient space in the lifeboats for all passengers, and a lack of help. from a nearby ship.
Following the findings of the investigations, many maritime safety reforms have been carried out.
Victims and survivors
- There were 329 first class passengers on board. 199 survived.
- There were 285 2nd class passengers on board. 119 survived.
- There were 710 3rd class passengers on board. 174 survived.
- There were 899 crew members on board. 214 survived.
- Smith sank with the ship and her body was never found.
- Frederick Fleet, one of the crew members who first alerted Smith to the iceberg, was rescued and survived.
- The “unsinkable” Margaret (Molly) Brown, the wife of a silver mine manager, helped steer a lifeboat and tend to injured survivors.
- J. Bruce Ismay, CEO of International Mercantile Marine and one of the owners of the Titanic.
- Henry S. Harper of Harper & Bros.
- Colonel John Jacob Astor, member of the Astor family.
- Isidor Straus, co-owner of Macy’s.
- Benjamin Guggenheim, member of the Guggenheim family.
- George D. Widener, son of Philadelphia businessman PAB Widener.
- Washington Roebling, his uncle was a builder of the Brooklyn Bridge.
- Charles Melville Hays, General Manager of the Grand Trunk Railway.
- William Thomas Stead, journalist and publicist.
- Jacques Futrelle, journalist.
- Henry Birkhardt Harris, theater manager.
- Major Archibald Butt, military aide to President Taft and President Roosevelt.
- Francis Davis Millet, American painter.
(Local time, based on vessel location)
- March 31, 1909: Construction of the ship begins, as a design collaboration between William Pirrie’s Harland and Wolff Company and J. Bruce Ismay’s White Star Line, in Belfast, Ireland, and lasts three years.
- April 10, 1912, 12 p.m.: RMS Titanic sets sail from Southampton, England on her maiden voyage, with approximately 2,220 passengers and crew.
- April 10, 1912, 6:30 p.m.: arrival in Cherbourg, France.
- April 10, 1912, 8:10 p.m.: leaves Cherbourg.
- April 11, 1912, 11:30 a.m.: arrives in Queenstown, Ireland.
- April 11, 1912, 1:30 p.m.: leaves Queenstown weighing anchor one last time.
- April 14, 1912, 11:40 p.m.: The Titanic collides with an iceberg.
- April 15, 1912, 12:40 a.m.: Captain Smith gives the order to uncover the lifeboats and evacuate the women and children.
- April 15, 1912, 12:20 a.m.: RMS Carpathia receives distress calls and goes to the scene to help. Arrival at 3:30 a.m.
- April 15, 1912, 12:45 a.m.: The first lifeboat with 28 people on board is launched despite having a capacity of 65.
- April 15, 1912, 2:20 a.m.: The Titanic sank in less than three hours.
- April 15, 1912, 8:50 a.m.: the Carpathia departs for New York with 705 Titanic survivors on board. It arrives on April 18.
- April and May 1912: independent investigations by the United States and the United Kingdom and official inquiries are carried out.
- September 1, 1985: Scientists from the Woods Hole Deep Submergence LAB in Massachusetts, led by Dr. Robert Ballard, and IFREMER, the French Research Institute for the Exploitation of the Sea, led by Jean Jarry, locate the remains of the Titanic.
- July 13, 1986: Ballard and his team use the manned deep-sea research submersible Alvin to explore the wreckage. The Alvin is accompanied by a remote-controlled vehicle named Jason Jr. for photographic surveys and other inspections.
- 2004 : Guernsey is auctioning memorabilia and items belonging to the families of the ship’s survivors, including an original menu that auctioned for around $100,000.
- May 31, 2009: The last known survivor, Millvina Dean, dies at 97.
- March 31, 2012: The world’s biggest Titanic attraction opens in Belfast, Northern Ireland, where the ship was built.
- April 8-20, 2012: The centenary of the voyage of the Titanic is commemorated. The MS Balmoral sails the Titanic’s route from Southampton to New York and holds a memorial service at the wreck on April 15.
- March 2015: A letter purportedly written by a mother and daughter aboard the Titanic is on display at Titanic’s Belfast Center in Northern Ireland. The letter was purchased at auction by a couple who then loaned it to be displayed in the Titanic exhibit for the next five years.
- September 30, 2015: A first-class Titanic lunch menu is auctioned off for $88,000. A letter to the man who allegedly bribed a lifeboat crew to avert disaster instead of saving more people is auctioned off for $7,500.
- August 2019: visit the wreck for the first time in 14 years during a series of five dives led by an exploration team from Triton Submarines. The ship is discovered to be being swallowed by the ocean floor and ravaged by metal-eating bacteria.
- January 21, 2020: A statement from the British Minister for Transport and Maritime Affairs, Nusrat Ghani, confirms that the wreck of the Titanic will be protected under an international agreement between the United States and the United Kingdom.
- May 18, 2020: a judge rules that RMS Titanic Inc. can recover the radio used by the Titanic to call for help.