Ephemerides of April 17

Madrid, April 16 (EFE).- Ephemeris of Sunday April 17, 2022, World Hemophilia Day.

1492.- The Catholic Monarchs sign in Santa Fe (Granada) the “Capitulations of Santa Fe”, which establish the first agreement and concessions for Christopher Columbus, on the eve of his first voyage.

1521.- Luther appears before the Diet of Worms and does not retract his writings.

1812.- The Cortes of Cadiz create the Supreme Court of Justice.

1815.- A fire destroys a block of houses from the Puerta del Sol in Madrid.

1861.- The State of Virginia separates from the North American Union.

1888.- The Professional Football League is created in England.

1895.- China and Japan sign the Treaty of Shimonoseki, marking the end of the First Sino-Japanese War.

1897.- Turkey declares war on Greece.

1923.- Opening of the XII Congress of the Soviet CPSU.

1941.- World War II: Yugoslavia surrenders to German superiority.

1956.- The United States presents the “Lockheed F-104 Starfighter” aircraft, which can fly at twice the speed of sound and carry atomic weapons.

1958.- The Universal Exhibition is inaugurated in Brussels.

1961.- Some 1,400 Cuban exiles in the United States land in the Bay of Pigs (Cuba), in an attempt to overthrow Fidel Castro.

1963.- Sirhan B. Sirhan is found guilty of the murder of Senator Robert F. Kennedy.

1964.- Jerrie Mock becomes the first woman to fly around the world.

1969.- The General Secretary of the Czech Communist Party, Alexander Dubcek, is replaced in the Central Committee by Gustav Husak.

.- Bernadette Devlin, elected to the House of Commons for the Northern Ireland People’s Democracy party.

1975.- The communist forces of the “Khmer Rouge” enter Pnom-Penh, the capital of Cambodia.

1982.- Canada gains full independence from Great Britain with the approval of the country’s new Constitution.

1986.- Three Britons abducted in Lebanon are killed in retaliation for the use of British air bases by American forces who bombed Libya.

2004.- The leader of Hamas, Abdel Asís Rantisi, is assassinated in Gaza by two rockets fired by Israeli helicopters.

2010.- Europe paralyzed by the air due to the closure of the airspace of twenty countries due to the cloud of ash from the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull.

2011.- The first season of “Game of Thrones” begins to air on the HBO television network.

2013.- Fifteen dead and 200 injured in the explosion of a fertilizer factory in Waco, Texas.

2014.- The United States, Ukraine, Russia and the European Union (EU) agree to disarm all illegal groups in Ukraine.

.- NASA’s Kepler space telescope confirms the discovery of the first Earth-sized planet in which water could exist in liquid form.

2018.- Spain recovers the oil painting Tableau de la Vierge des Anges, attributed to the Gothic painter of Flemish origin Enrique de Estencop, stolen in 1954.

2019.- Former Peruvian President Alan García commits suicide by shooting himself in the head when he was about to be arrested by court order for alleged corruption crimes related to the Odebrecht affair.

.- At least 29 tourists, most of German nationality, die in a bus accident on the Portuguese island of Madeira.

2021.- Funeral of the Duke of Edinburgh, husband of Queen Elizabeth II, in St. George’s Chapel, Windsor.

BIRTHS

———–

1867.- María Guerrero, Spanish actress.

1916.- Sirimavo Bandaranaike, former Prime Minister of Sri Lanka.

1926.- Montserrat Torrent, Spanish organist.

1918.- William Holden, American actor.

1919.- Chavela Vargas, Mexican singer.

1940.- Antonio Moreno Barberá, Spanish admiral.

.- Ira de Furstenberg, Austrian businesswoman and public relations.

1946.- Georg Kohler, German biologist, Nobel Prize in Medicine 1984.

1972.- Jennifer Garner, American actress.

1974.- Victoria Beckam, member of the British group “Spice Girls”.

1980.- David Otero (“El Pescao”), Spanish guitarist.

DEATH

———–

1695.- Juana Inés de la Cruz, Mexican poet.

1790.- Benjamin Franklin, American diplomat and inventor.

1986.- Marcel Dassault, French aircraft manufacturer.

1993.- Turgut Ozal, Turkish politician.

1996.- José Luis López Aranguren, Spanish philosopher.

1997.- Haim Herzog, Israeli politician.

1998.- Alfonso Fierro Viña, Spanish businessman and banker.

2003.- John Paul Getty, British billionaire.

.- Robert Atkins, American cardiologist and dietitian.

2014.- Gabriel García Márquez, Colombian writer and journalist.

2017.- Luis Eduardo Rodrigo Espinosa, Eduardo Rodrigo, Argentinian composer.

2018.- Barbara Bush, First Lady of the United States.

2019.- Alan García, Peruvian politician.

.- Manuel Alcántara, Spanish poet and chronicler.

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