Falconry is also practiced in Cordoba – Web de Noticias

  • It is the first province in the country to regularize, regulate and legalize this ancestral activity.
  • It deals with breeding and training for hunting falcons, sparrowhawks and other birds of prey, as well as avian control.
  • The Ministry of the Environment monitors the development of this practice and issues licenses.

The falconry is a rural activity that consists of raise, tame and train birds of prey to hunt such as falcons, sparrowhawks, eagles and goshawks, among others. Córdoba is the first province in the country that has regularized, regulated and legalized its practice. The Ministry of the Environment allows this activity, controls its development and issues the corresponding authorisations.

It is also considered a sport and an art. There are even hunting and running competitions with trained raptors.

On May 8, 2019, the resolution authorizing falconry was published in the Official Gazette of the Province of Cordoba. The activity is permitted since raptor breeding sites were legalized.

November 16, 2010 UNESCO declared falconry intangible cultural heritage of humanityto be one of the oldest traditional hunting methods, selective with the hunting of prey, non-polluting and respectful of the environment.

The origins of falconry date back to antiquity (four thousand years ago) and there are records of its practice in different parts of the world. It is an ancient art that reached its peak in the Middle Ages.

“Córdoba is a pioneer in the country, the activity is quite developed; there are laws, regulations, permits and controls, and there are more professional falconers than in the rest of Argentina”ensures Alfredo Corapi.

From Provincial Environment, the biologist Caroline Miras considers that falconry “It is a nascent activity, although in continuous growth”.

According to estimates by falconers, in the province of Córdoba there are about 40 people in activity. However, environmental records indicate that there are 14, with residence in the capital of Córdoba, Marcos Juárez, Jesús María, Santa Rosa de Calamuchita, Mendiolaza and Tanti. This difference is explained by the fact that the falconers who appear in Environment have their own bird. The others form the Argentine Falconry Association (groups most falconers).

two beautiful endings

Falconry is over for hunting purposes mainly and also for bird control.

The majority of falconers devote themselves to huntingwith refined and artistic methods.

It’s a symbiosis between man and animal in which both benefit. Man trains the bird of prey for hunting and loyalty. The bird captures its prey. And a dog marks the place where these preys are.

In regards to, Faust left points out that the person, the falcon and the dog “it’s a team” of work. “Each fulfills a function: the falconer coordinates everything, the dog hunts the prey and the falcon hunts”precise.

Corapi adds in this regard: “The falcon is a hunting companion and knows that its life is easier when it accompanies the human being”.

Depending on the type of prey (pigeons, partridges, parrots, ducks, hares or others), different birds of prey are used: peregrine falcon (the fastest on the planet), hawk or bicolor accipiter, goshawk, eagle and others. In Cordoba, falcons and sparrowhawks are preferably used. The Harris falcon is intended for hare hunting.

Alexander Obregon points out that the practice of falconry “It involves great knowledge, a lot of time of dedication and care for the bird”.

Hunting of game species (those that are hunted) is authorized in Argentina, with specific regulations.

There are two types of hunting: high (the falcon is used) and low flying (the two-tone accipiter is used).

With regard to the avian control activity, falconers are hired by businesses, grain companies and port areas who need to hunt pests so as not to suffer economic harm. Birds of prey are used as a deterrent in fields, sheds and fields with crops to scare away pests.

“The presence of a falcon or a hawk flying over the area affected by the birds pushes them to move elsewhere, for fear that they have them; generates a deterrent effect on other birds and is an ecological and natural method”Corapi’s comments.

Falconry is also used at airports to disperse birdsbecause they can cause plane crashes.

Regarding the formation of the falcon (since it is a pigeon), Izquierdo specifies that “it takes several months”. Obregón says it should be based on “keep your natural instincts”. And Corapi maintains that “It is essential to gain their trust”.

Falconry is expensive. Buying a falcon from a hatchery is very expensive. Satellite tracking equipment also involves significant expense. A truck prepared to drive in the fields is necessary. And there are expenses for food, housing, equipment, vet, permits, fees and travel.

Regulation

The province regulates falconry and Córdoba is the only province in the country that issues the habilitation license. By Resolution 157 (of May 2019), the Ministry of the Environment authorized it as a form of sport hunting with the use of birds of prey acquired in authorized hatcheries. This activity helps control overpopulated species throughout the year.

The environment also provides certificate of rightful possession of the bird, transit guide (if you are moving to another province) and purchase authorization at the Jesús María hatchery, the only one activated in the province of Córdoba. Up to two birds of prey per falconer are allowed.

“Reports of the bird’s ownership, where it lives, health status from a veterinarian, and up-to-date documentation are required”Mira revealed. Furthermore, he said that there is a register of authorized falconers and periodic inspections are carried out to monitor the living conditions of the bird. This prevents wildlife traffic.

It is necessary comply with applicable provincial and national falconry laws, regarding game species closures and quotas. In pigeon and parrot hunting there are no restrictions.

In addition to the breeding of birds of prey existing in Cordoba, there are three others in the country: in the provinces of Buenos Aires, Neuquén and Mendoza.

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