Reforms that happened in a rush or when Mexicans were on vacation

(Photo: Mario Jasso/ Cuartoscuro)

the Sunday, April 17, Mexicans will wake up on their last day of vacation for Eastermillions of them will take to the roads and highways while In the Chamber of Deputies, the vote on the electricity reform will take place sent by the President of the Republic to try to regain control of the electricity market.

the The constitutional reform project was sent from the end of 2021 and although it was thought that Morena would try to bring it before the plenary session before the end of the year, it was decided to postpone it under the pretext of initiating a series of public forums to reach a consensus with d other political forces.

Finally, the initiative was unblocked at the end of March 2022 by the leaders of Morena in San Lázaro and although the content of the notice was not yet known, the United Commissions of the sessions of energy and constitutional points to treat it and present it to the plenary session. Thus, the next Easter Sunday could be decisive for the future of the Mexican electricity system, if approved at this legislative stage.

For Mexicans, it is not strange to learn a day later that the Deputies or the Senators have approved in “fast track” laws or reforms in sessions at dawn, or that these modifications of the legal framework intervened in the middle of the vacation period or in alternative places of the Congress of the Union.

AMLO and Ignacio Mier, coordinator of the Morena deputies (Photo: Twitter/@NachoMierV)
AMLO and Ignacio Mier, coordinator of the Morena deputies (Photo: Twitter/@NachoMierV)

In November 2019, the Chamber of Deputies met at another venue in Santa Fe, Mexico City, where it unreservedly approved the Expenditure budget of the Federation 2020. This morning of the 22nd, Morena and his allies approved, with 302 votes in favor, the expenditure of the government of Andrés Manuel López Obrador of more than 6 billion pesos, without the 65 deputies against and one abstaining, managing to achieve at least one change, since all reservations were rejected.

Just the first day of the new federal legislature, the deputies approved the new law on the political trial without opinion, with the renunciation of all parliamentary procedures and with “urgency and evident resolution”.

In a session that lasted until dawn, the newly released lawmakers from Morena, PVEM and PT succeeded in approving the initiative to enact a new federal law on impeachment and declaration of provenance, which was given to the Senate.

For other political parties It was revenge by the ruling party after the dismissal and arrest of the governor of Tamaulipas, Francisco García Cabeza de Vaca, was not carried out.which was struck off by the lower house during its previous legislature.

A branch of the Federal Electricity Commission (CFE), in Mexico City.  EFE/Jose Pazos
A branch of the Federal Electricity Commission (CFE), in Mexico City. EFE/Jose Pazos

On March 2, 2021, Congress approved reforms to the Electricity Industry Act with which the Federal Electricity Commission (FEC) in charge of Manuel Bartlett, could have priority in the order of sending to the National Electrical System, without the obligation to generate it entirely from own sources according to the 2013 regulations.

PAN members complained about the move to quickly approve these reforms: “In an albazo, Morena and his allies convene a session today to approve the counter-reform of the #LeyDeLaIndustriaElectrica. A) Yes. On the knees. Violation of procedures. They will say yes to expensive light and dirty energy. They are employees of the president. And they assume it before the nation, ”lamented the albiazules.

these constitutional changes were opposed by opposition senators until the case reached the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation (SCJN) and on April 7, 2022, four of the 11 ministers decided not to declare them unconstitutional.

    Federal Police of Mexico.  (PHOTO: EFE/Mario Guzmán/File)
Federal Police of Mexico. (PHOTO: EFE/Mario Guzmán/File)

the On December 15, 2017, the Senate approved the Homeland Security Actregardless of civil society organizations or national and international human rights organizations that have submitted observations and requested adjustments.

In this legislature the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) was still the first political force in the country and Enrique Peña Nieto governed. After the decree was issued on December 21, 2017, “14 constitutional controversies, 9 unconstitutionality actions, and 700 amparo suits” were filed, making it one of the most contested laws in Mexican history.

Carlos Treviño, José Antonio González Anaya and Enrique Peña Nieto (Photo: Twitter/@LimonSandy)
Carlos Treviño, José Antonio González Anaya and Enrique Peña Nieto (Photo: Twitter/@LimonSandy)

Call the mother of all reforms, this initiative of President Enrique Peña Nieto was sent in August 2013 and with it the possibility was opened for foreign companies to participate in oil rounds for the exploration of fields and the extraction of crude oil, an activity that for decades had been the exclusive power of Petróleos Mexicanos (Pemex).

It was until on December 10 that the Senate of the Republic begins its discussion in plenary session where the debate lasted more than 20 hours until it was finally approved by 95 votes for and 28 against.

the On December 11, the minutes passed to the Chamber of Deputiesand in another room in San Lázaro, the Political Coordinating Council (Jucopo) waived red tape, considering it an urgent and obvious resolution, and therefore presented it to the plenary for a vote.

After intense debate, shouting and shaking in San Lázaro, the official party won its approval with 354 votes in favor and 134 againstwithout any of the reservations submitted by the opposition succeeding.

So heMexicans woke up on December 12, 2013 with the morning to the Virgin of Guadalupe and an energy reform which opened the oil market to private investment.


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‘Citizens have memory’: Epigmenio Ibarra warns opposition against voting against electricity reform

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